Tuesday, November 6, 2007

Most Quoted Verses From The Quaker Bible Index

The other day, I noticed that bible.org has announced a new NET Bible - Compact Edition. One of the features of this new bible is a list of bible verses that are good to memorize. I took a look at the list of verses and I didn't like it. For one thing, it felt like it ammunition for proof-texting. It starts off with a couple of verses about the authority of the bible, and I noticed, for example, that 2 Corinthians 3:6 isn't in the list ("the letter killeth, but the Spirit giveth life"). I wondered what a similar list for Quakers might look like. I took the data from the Quaker Bible Index and munged it into a count of the most frequently quoted verses. I then took the top 100, and created a table with the King James and NET Bible versions of those verses. I think it gives a good flavor of how early Quakers used the bible. And you will note that 2 Corinthians 3:6 is #10 on the list.

Thanks to some comments from Kirk Wattles, I discovered that there were a few verses labeled as "too many to list". Of these, only 2 didn't make the list - Jeremiah 9:3 and Genesis 3:15. I have added those to the end, since I can't tell where they would belong. I have also left John 1:9 where it is, even though it probably would be much higher on the list.

Update #2
In case you want to print this table out, I have formatted it in PDF 4 ways:
KJV & NETBible, KJV, NETBible, and Verses Only. The full one is 13 pages long, the KJV & NetBible ones are 7 pages, and the verses-only fits on 1 page.

VerseKing James VersionNET Bible
2 Timothy 3:5 Having a form of godliness, but denying the power thereof: from such turn away. They will maintain the outward appearance of religion but will have repudiated its power. So avoid people like these.
Jeremiah 31:33 But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days, saith the LORD, I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their God, and they shall be my people. "But I will make a new covenant with the whole nation of Israel after I plant them back in the land," says the LORD. "I will put my law within them and write it on their hearts and minds. I will be their God and they will be my people.
Acts 26:18 To open their eyes, and to turn them from darkness to light, and from the power of Satan unto God, that they may receive forgiveness of sins, and inheritance among them which are sanctified by faith that is in me. to open their eyes so that they turn from darkness to light and from the power of Satan to God, so that they may receive forgiveness of sins and a share among those who are sanctified by faith in me.'
2 Corinthians 4:6 For God, who commanded the light to shine out of darkness, hath shined in our hearts, to give the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ. For God, who said "Let light shine out of darkness," is the one who shined in our hearts to give us the light of the glorious knowledge of God in the face of Christ.
Romans 2:29 But he is a Jew, which is one inwardly; and circumcision is that of the heart, in the spirit, and not in the letter; whose praise is not of men, but of God. but someone is a Jew who is one inwardly, and circumcision is of the heart by the Spirit and not by the written code. This person's praise is not from people but from God.
Romans 10:8 But what saith it? The word is nigh thee, even in thy mouth, and in thy heart: that is, the word of faith, which we preach; But what does it say? "The word is near you, in your mouth and in your heart" (that is, the word of faith that we preach),
Colossians 1:27 To whom God would make known what is the riches of the glory of this mystery among the Gentiles; which is Christ in you, the hope of glory: God wanted to make known to them the glorious riches of this mystery among the Gentiles, which is Christ in you, the hope of glory.
Romans 1:19 Because that which may be known of God is manifest in them; for God hath shewed it unto them. because what can be known about God is plain to them, because God has made it plain to them.
Romans 1:16 For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ: for it is the power of God unto salvation to every one that believeth; to the Jew first, and also to the Greek. For I am not ashamed of the gospel, for it is God's power for salvation to everyone who believes, to the Jew first and also to the Greek.
2 Corinthians 3:6 Who also hath made us able ministers of the new testament; not of the letter, but of the spirit: for the letter killeth, but the spirit giveth life. who made us adequate to be servants of a new covenant not based on the letter but on the Spirit, for the letter kills, but the Spirit gives life.
Ephesians 6:12 For we wrestle not against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this world, against spiritual wickedness in high places. For our struggle is not against flesh and blood, but against the rulers, against the powers, against the world rulers of this darkness, against the spiritual forces of evil in the heavens.
Ephesians 4:13 Till we all come in the unity of the faith, and of the knowledge of the Son of God, unto a perfect man, unto the measure of the stature of the fulness of Christ: until we all attain to the unity of the faith and of the knowledge of the Son of God - a mature person, attaining to the measure of Christ's full stature.
1 Corinthians 15:47 The first man is of the earth, earthy; the second man is the Lord from heaven. The first man is from the earth, made of dust; the second man is from heaven.
Deuteronomy 30:14 But the word is very nigh unto thee, in thy mouth, and in thy heart, that thou mayest do it. For the thing is very near you - it is in your mouth and in your mind so that you can do it.
2 Corinthians 13:5 Examine yourselves, whether ye be in the faith; prove your own selves. Know ye not your own selves, how that Jesus Christ is in you, except ye be reprobates? Put yourselves to the test to see if you are in the faith; examine yourselves! Or do you not recognize regarding yourselves that Jesus Christ is in you - unless, indeed, you fail the test!
2 Corinthians 4:4 In whom the god of this world hath blinded the minds of them which believe not, lest the light of the glorious gospel of Christ, who is the image of God, should shine unto them. among whom the god of this age has blinded the minds of those who do not believe so they would not see the light of the glorious gospel of Christ, who is the image of God.
1 Thessalonians 5:19 Quench not the Spirit. Do not extinguish the Spirit.
2 Timothy 1:10 But is now made manifest by the appearing of our Saviour Jesus Christ, who hath abolished death, and hath brought life and immortality to light through the gospel: but now made visible through the appearing of our Savior Christ Jesus. He has broken the power of death and brought life and immortality to light through the gospel!
Romans 8:2 For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus hath made me free from the law of sin and death. For the law of the life-giving Spirit in Christ Jesus has set you free from the law of sin and death.
Colossians 3:10 And have put on the new man, which is renewed in knowledge after the image of him that created him: and have been clothed with the new man that is being renewed in knowledge according to the image of the one who created it.
2 Corinthians 10:4 (For the weapons of our warfare are not carnal, but mighty through God to the pulling down of strong holds;) for the weapons of our warfare are not human weapons, but are made powerful by God for tearing down strongholds. We tear down arguments
Joel 2:28 And it shall come to pass afterward, that I will pour out my spirit upon all flesh; and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, your old men shall dream dreams, your young men shall see visions: After all of this I will pour out my Spirit on all kinds of people. Your sons and daughters will prophesy. Your elderly will have revelatory dreams; your young men will see prophetic visions.
Galatians 1:16 To reveal his Son in me, that I might preach him among the heathen; immediately I conferred not with flesh and blood: to reveal his Son in me so that I could preach him among the Gentiles, I did not go to ask advice from any human being,
1 Corinthians 15:45 And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul; the last Adam was made a quickening spirit. So also it is written, "The first man, Adam, became a living person"; the last Adam became a life-giving spirit.
1 Corinthians 12:7 But the manifestation of the Spirit is given to every man to profit withal. To each person the manifestation of the Spirit is given for the benefit of all.
2 Corinthians 5:19 To wit, that God was in Christ, reconciling the world unto himself, not imputing their trespasses unto them; and hath committed unto us the word of reconciliation. In other words, in Christ God was reconciling the world to himself, not counting people's trespasses against them, and he has given us the message of reconciliation.
2 Corinthians 5:17 Therefore if any man be in Christ, he is a new creature: old things are passed away; behold, all things are become new. So then, if anyone is in Christ, he is a new creation; what is old has passed away - look, what is new has come!
Titus 2:11 For the grace of God that bringeth salvation hath appeared to all men, For the grace of God has appeared, bringing salvation to all people.
Romans 14:17 For the kingdom of God is not meat and drink; but righteousness, and peace, and joy in the Holy Ghost. For the kingdom of God does not consist of food and drink, but righteousness, peace, and joy in the Holy Spirit.
Ephesians 6:17 And take the helmet of salvation, and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God: And take the helmet of salvation and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God.
Romans 8:14 For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, they are the sons of God. For all who are led by the Spirit of God are the sons of God.
Jeremiah 31:34 And they shall teach no more every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know the LORD: for they shall all know me, from the least of them unto the greatest of them, saith the LORD: for I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their sin no more. "People will no longer need to teach their neighbors and relatives to know me. For all of them, from the least important to the most important, will know me," says the LORD. "For I will forgive their sin and will no longer call to mind the wrong they have done."
2 Thessalonians 2:3 Let no man deceive you by any means: for that day shall not come, except there come a falling away first, and that man of sin be revealed, the son of perdition; Let no one deceive you in any way. For that day will not arrive until the rebellion comes and the man of lawlessness is revealed, the son of destruction.
2 Corinthians 6:16 And what agreement hath the temple of God with idols? for ye are the temple of the living God; as God hath said, I will dwell in them, and walk in them; and I will be their God, and they shall be my people. And what mutual agreement does the temple of God have with idols? For we are the temple of the living God, just as God said, "I will live in them and will walk among them, and I will be their God, and they will be my people."
Ephesians 2:6 And hath raised us up together, and made us sit together in heavenly places in Christ Jesus: and he raised us up with him and seated us with him in the heavenly realms in Christ Jesus,
Jeremiah 23:29 Is not my word like as a fire? saith the LORD; and like a hammer that breaketh the rock in pieces? My message is like a fire that purges dross! It is like a hammer that breaks a rock in pieces! I, the LORD, so affirm it!
Ephesians 6:16 Above all, taking the shield of faith, wherewith ye shall be able to quench all the fiery darts of the wicked. and in all of this, by taking up the shield of faith with which you can extinguish all the flaming arrows of the evil one.
Ephesians 4:30 And grieve not the holy Spirit of God, whereby ye are sealed unto the day of redemption. And do not grieve the Holy Spirit of God, by whom you were sealed for the day of redemption.
1 Corinthians 1:24 But unto them which are called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ the power of God, and the wisdom of God. But to those who are called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ is the power of God and the wisdom of God.
1 Corinthians 12:13 For by one Spirit are we all baptized into one body, whether we be Jews or Gentiles, whether we be bond or free; and have been all made to drink into one Spirit. For in one Spirit we were all baptized into one body. Whether Jews or Greeks or slaves or free, we were all made to drink of the one Spirit.
Isaiah 42:6 I the LORD have called thee in righteousness, and will hold thine hand, and will keep thee, and give thee for a covenant of the people, for a light of the Gentiles; "I, the LORD, officially commission you; I take hold of your hand. I protect you and make you a covenant mediator for people, and a light to the nations,
Romans 8:9 But ye are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if so be that the Spirit of God dwell in you. Now if any man have not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of his. You, however, are not in the flesh but in the Spirit, if indeed the Spirit of God lives in you. Now if anyone does not have the Spirit of Christ, this person does not belong to him.
Micah 3:11 The heads thereof judge for reward, and the priests thereof teach for hire, and the prophets thereof divine for money: yet will they lean upon the LORD, and say, Is not the LORD among us? none evil can come upon us. Her leaders take bribes when they decide legal cases, her priests proclaim rulings for profit, and her prophets read omens for pay. Yet they claim to trust the LORD and say, "The LORD is among us. Disaster will not overtake us!"
Isaiah 9:6 For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace. For a child has been born to us, a son has been given to us. He shoulders responsibility and is called: Extraordinary Strategist, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.
2 Thessalonians 2:7 For the mystery of iniquity doth already work: only he who now letteth will let, until he be taken out of the way. For the hidden power of lawlessness is already at work. However, the one who holds him back will do so until he is taken out of the way,
Romans 2:28 For he is not a Jew, which is one outwardly; neither is that circumcision, which is outward in the flesh: For a person is not a Jew who is one outwardly, nor is circumcision something that is outward in the flesh,
Isaiah 49:6 And he said, It is a light thing that thou shouldest be my servant to raise up the tribes of Jacob, and to restore the preserved of Israel: I will also give thee for a light to the Gentiles, that thou mayest be my salvation unto the end of the earth. he says, "Is it too insignificant a task for you to be my servant, to reestablish the tribes of Jacob, and restore the remnant of Israel? I will make you a light to the nations, so you can bring my deliverance to the remote regions of the earth."
Ephesians 4:12 For the perfecting of the saints, for the work of the ministry, for the edifying of the body of Christ: to equip the saints for the work of ministry, that is, to build up the body of Christ,
Isaiah 56:11 Yea, they are greedy dogs which can never have enough, and they are shepherds that cannot understand: they all look to their own way, every one for his gain, from his quarter. The dogs have big appetites; they are never full. They are shepherds who have no understanding; they all go their own way, each one looking for monetary gain.
Galatians 5:22 But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith, But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness,
Micah 6:8 He hath shewed thee, O man, what is good; and what doth the LORD require of thee, but to do justly, and to love mercy, and to walk humbly with thy God? He has told you, O man, what is good, and what the LORD really wants from you: He wants you to promote justice, to be faithful, and to live obediently before your God.
Galatians 4:26 But Jerusalem which is above is free, which is the mother of us all. But the Jerusalem above is free, and she is our mother.
Galatians 4:29 But as then he that was born after the flesh persecuted him that was born after the Spirit, even so it is now. But just as at that time the one born by natural descent persecuted the one born according to the Spirit, so it is now.
Isaiah 55:3 Incline your ear, and come unto me: hear, and your soul shall live; and I will make an everlasting covenant with you, even the sure mercies of David. Pay attention and come to me! Listen, so you can live! Then I will make an unconditional covenantal promise to you, just like the reliable covenantal promises I made to David.
1 Corinthians 6:19 What? know ye not that your body is the temple of the Holy Ghost which is in you, which ye have of God, and ye are not your own? Or do you not know that your body is the temple of the Holy Spirit who is in you, whom you have from God, and you are not your own?
Jeremiah 5:31 The prophets prophesy falsely, and the priests bear rule by their means; and my people love to have it so: and what will ye do in the end thereof? The prophets prophesy lies. The priests exercise power by their own authority. And my people love to have it this way. But they will not be able to help you when the time of judgment comes!
Romans 5:2 By whom also we have access by faith into this grace wherein we stand, and rejoice in hope of the glory of God. through whom we have also obtained access by faith into this grace in which we stand, and we rejoice in the hope of God's glory.
1 Corinthians 2:14 But the natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God: for they are foolishness unto him: neither can he know them, because they are spiritually discerned. The unbeliever does not receive the things of the Spirit of God, for they are foolishness to him. And he cannot understand them, because they are spiritually discerned.
Galatians 5:23 Meekness, temperance: against such there is no law. gentleness, and self-control. Against such things there is no law.
Ephesians 6:15 And your feet shod with the preparation of the gospel of peace; by fitting your feet with the preparation that comes from the good news of peace,
Colossians 1:18 And he is the head of the body, the church: who is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead; that in all things he might have the preeminence. He is the head of the body, the church, as well as the beginning, the firstborn from among the dead, so that he himself may become first in all things.
Romans 1:21 Because that, when they knew God, they glorified him not as God, neither were thankful; but became vain in their imaginations, and their foolish heart was darkened. For although they knew God, they did not glorify him as God or give him thanks, but they became futile in their thoughts and their senseless hearts were darkened.
Ephesians 2:8 For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God: For by grace you are saved through faith, and this is not from yourselves, it is the gift of God;
Colossians 4:6 Let your speech be alway with grace, seasoned with salt, that ye may know how ye ought to answer every man. Let your speech always be gracious, seasoned with salt, so that you may know how you should answer everyone.
Acts 10:34 Then Peter opened his mouth, and said, Of a truth I perceive that God is no respecter of persons: Then Peter started speaking: "I now truly understand that God does not show favoritism in dealing with people,
Romans 8:21 Because the creature itself also shall be delivered from the bondage of corruption into the glorious liberty of the children of God. that the creation itself will also be set free from the bondage of decay into the glorious freedom of God's children.
Isaiah 54:13 And all thy children shall be taught of the LORD; and great shall be the peace of thy children. All your children will be followers of the LORD, and your children will enjoy great prosperity.
Colossians 1:13 Who hath delivered us from the power of darkness, and hath translated us into the kingdom of his dear Son: He delivered us from the power of darkness and transferred us to the kingdom of the Son he loves,
Ephesians 2:2 Wherein in time past ye walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that now worketh in the children of disobedience: in which you formerly lived according to this world's present path, according to the ruler of the kingdom of the air, the ruler of the spirit that is now energizing the sons of disobedience,
1 Corinthians 2:10 But God hath revealed them unto us by his Spirit: for the Spirit searcheth all things, yea, the deep things of God. God has revealed these to us by the Spirit. For the Spirit searches all things, even the deep things of God.
Malachi 4:2 But unto you that fear my name shall the Sun of righteousness arise with healing in his wings; and ye shall go forth, and grow up as calves of the stall. But for you who respect my name, the sun of vindication will rise with healing wings, and you will skip about like calves released from the stall.
Ephesians 6:14 Stand therefore, having your loins girt about with truth, and having on the breastplate of righteousness; Stand firm therefore, by fastening the belt of truth around your waist, by putting on the breastplate of righteousness,
1 Corinthians 10:31 Whether therefore ye eat, or drink, or whatsoever ye do, do all to the glory of God. So whether you eat or drink, or whatever you do, do everything for the glory of God.
Romans 7:6 But now we are delivered from the law, that being dead wherein we were held; that we should serve in newness of spirit, and not in the oldness of the letter. But now we have been released from the law, because we have died to what controlled us, so that we may serve in the new life of the Spirit and not under the old written code.
Romans 16:18 For they that are such serve not our Lord Jesus Christ, but their own belly; and by good words and fair speeches deceive the hearts of the simple. For these are the kind who do not serve our Lord Christ, but their own appetites. By their smooth talk and flattery they deceive the minds of the naive.
John 1:4 In him was life; and the life was the light of men. In him was life, and the life was the light of mankind.
Romans 1:25 Who changed the truth of God into a lie, and worshipped and served the creature more than the Creator, who is blessed for ever. Amen. They exchanged the truth of God for a lie and worshiped and served the creation rather than the Creator, who is blessed forever! Amen.
John 1:9 That was the true Light, which lighteth every man that cometh into the world. The true light, who gives light to everyone, was coming into the world.
Ephesians 6:11 Put on the whole armour of God, that ye may be able to stand against the wiles of the devil. Clothe yourselves with the full armor of God so that you may be able to stand against the schemes of the devil.
Ephesians 5:13 But all things that are reproved are made manifest by the light: for whatsoever doth make manifest is light. But all things being exposed by the light are made evident.
Acts 4:12 Neither is there salvation in any other: for there is none other name under heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved. And there is salvation in no one else, for there is no other name under heaven given among people by which we must be saved."
Acts 15:9 And put no difference between us and them, purifying their hearts by faith. and he made no distinction between them and us, cleansing their hearts by faith.
Romans 1:20 For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse: For since the creation of the world his invisible attributes - his eternal power and divine nature - have been clearly seen, because they are understood through what has been made. So people are without excuse.
Ephesians 4:3 Endeavouring to keep the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace. making every effort to keep the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace.
Colossians 2:23 Which things have indeed a shew of wisdom in will worship, and humility, and neglecting of the body: not in any honour to the satisfying of the flesh. Even though they have the appearance of wisdom with their self-imposed worship and false humility achieved by an unsparing treatment of the body - a wisdom with no true value - they in reality result in fleshly indulgence.
Colossians 2:11 In whom also ye are circumcised with the circumcision made without hands, in putting off the body of the sins of the flesh by the circumcision of Christ: In him you also were circumcised - not, however, with a circumcision performed by human hands, but by the removal of the fleshly body, that is, through the circumcision done by Christ.
1 Corinthians 14:15 What is it then? I will pray with the spirit, and I will pray with the understanding also: I will sing with the spirit, and I will sing with the understanding also. What should I do? I will pray with my spirit, but I will also pray with my mind. I will sing praises with my spirit, but I will also sing praises with my mind.
John 1:5 And the light shineth in darkness; and the darkness comprehended it not. And the light shines on in the darkness, but the darkness has not mastered it.
2 Corinthians 12:9 And he said unto me, My grace is sufficient for thee: for my strength is made perfect in weakness. Most gladly therefore will I rather glory in my infirmities, that the power of Christ may rest upon me. But he said to me, "My grace is enough for you, for my power is made perfect in weakness." So then, I will boast most gladly about my weaknesses, so that the power of Christ may reside in me.
1 Corinthians 2:12 Now we have received, not the spirit of the world, but the spirit which is of God; that we might know the things that are freely given to us of God. Now we have not received the spirit of the world, but the Spirit who is from God, so that we may know the things that are freely given to us by God.
1 Corinthians 1:18 For the preaching of the cross is to them that perish foolishness; but unto us which are saved it is the power of God. For the message about the cross is foolishness to those who are perishing, but to us who are being saved it is the power of God.
Romans 8:26 Likewise the Spirit also helpeth our infirmities: for we know not what we should pray for as we ought: but the Spirit itself maketh intercession for us with groanings which cannot be uttered. In the same way, the Spirit helps us in our weakness, for we do not know how we should pray, but the Spirit himself intercedes for us with inexpressible groanings.
Romans 7:24 O wretched man that I am! who shall deliver me from the body of this death? Wretched man that I am! Who will rescue me from this body of death?
Romans 13:3 For rulers are not a terror to good works, but to the evil. Wilt thou then not be afraid of the power? do that which is good, and thou shalt have praise of the same: (for rulers cause no fear for good conduct but for bad). Do you desire not to fear authority? Do good and you will receive its commendation,
Galatians 6:14 But God forbid that I should glory, save in the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom the world is crucified unto me, and I unto the world. But may I never boast except in the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ, through which the world has been crucified to me, and I to the world.
Colossians 2:20 Wherefore if ye be dead with Christ from the rudiments of the world, why, as though living in the world, are ye subject to ordinances, If you have died with Christ to the elemental spirits of the world, why do you submit to them as though you lived in the world?
Colossians 1:28 Whom we preach, warning every man, and teaching every man in all wisdom; that we may present every man perfect in Christ Jesus: We proclaim him by instructing and teaching all people with all wisdom so that we may present every person mature in Christ.
Ephesians 6:13 Wherefore take unto you the whole armour of God, that ye may be able to withstand in the evil day, and having done all, to stand. For this reason, take up the full armor of God so that you may be able to stand your ground on the evil day, and having done everything, to stand.
Ephesians 5:27 That he might present it to himself a glorious church, not having spot, or wrinkle, or any such thing; but that it should be holy and without blemish. so that he may present the church to himself as glorious - not having a stain or wrinkle, or any such blemish, but holy and blameless.
Jeremiah 15:19 Therefore thus saith the LORD, If thou return, then will I bring thee again, and thou shalt stand before me: and if thou take forth the precious from the vile, thou shalt be as my mouth: let them return unto thee; but return not thou unto them. Because of this, the LORD said, "You must repent of such words and thoughts! If you do, I will restore you to the privilege of serving me. If you say what is worthwhile instead of what is worthless, I will again allow you to be my spokesman. They must become as you have been. You must not become like them.
Jeremiah 9:3 And they bend their tongues like their bow for lies: but they are not valiant for the truth upon the earth; for they proceed from evil to evil, and they know not me, saith the LORD. The LORD says, "These people are like soldiers who have readied their bows. Their tongues are always ready to shoot out lies. They have become powerful in the land, but they have not done so by honest means. Indeed, they do one evil thing after another and do not pay attention to me.
Genesis 3:15 And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel. And I will put hostility between you and the woman and between your offspring and her offspring; her offspring will attack your head, and you will attack her offspring's heel."


  1. Mark: Wow!, what a great idea. I think I'll print this out and see if I can use reviewing it as a kind of spiritual practice!

  2. Wow! Mark, this is a great resource. I've been reading some George Fox and thinking very seriously about early Quakers' use of the Bible (because I often feel so alienated from the Bible myself). This is going to help emmensely! I'm definitely going to print this out.

    But what does "mung" mean?


  3. Mark -- Peggy Parsons clued me into this blog. I have copied the entire blog onto a floppy disk for reference purposes! -- Even though I have already finished the section on early Friends for my work-in-progress on Friends, God, and the Bible --see that piece in my website at:


    Vail Palmer

  4. Mark, Great idea! This does give an excellent sense of how Quakers use the Bible, and it's a very different way from the way other Christians used the Bible. A similar kind of count could be made using ESR's Digital Quaker Collection, which has a Bible verse search feature, but I feel sure that the results would be much the same.

    Steve Angell

  5. Hi Vail,
    The Friends, God and the Bible study looks very interesting! One of my side projects is that I have been formatting Fox's epistles to show the scripture references in the margin, and also in the back, as well as indexing them. I'm only about 1/4 of the way through. I occasionally upload the current version here.

    It's great to hear from you! I hope you'll come visit us again in Atlanta one of these days, we enjoyed your visit when you were here for the QTDG meeting.

    With love,

  6. It's interesting to me that I Peter 3:15-16 (or, more properly, 3:8-17) does not appear on your list — given that this was the primary scriptural point of origin for all that talk by early Friends of "answering that of God in all", "answering that in all, that they have closed their eyes to", "answering the witness of God in them", etc. (e.g. Geo. Fox, Alexander Parker, Isaac Penington, Stephen Crisp), and also a major inspiration for early Friends' references to "the answer of a good conscience" (e.g. in Barclay's Apology) — not to mention all the explicit citations of this pair of verses by various Friends.

    I'd have thought there were enough references in Fox's letters alone to put this passage on your list. Just goes to show —

  7. Marshall,
    The list is definitely shaped by how things were indexed in the Quaker Bible Index. In the case of "answering that of God", it tends to list Colossians 4:6 as the source for that. That isn't to say that you aren't correct about 1 Peter 3 being the source for that point, just that the QBI doesn't index it that way. And Colossians 4:6 does show up in the list.

    Actually, 1 Peter doesn't show up that much. Here are the top 5 references:
    1 Pet 3:4 (20)
    1 Pet 1:23 (19)
    1 Pet 3:3 (17)
    1 Pet 1:3 (16)
    1 Pet 2:21 (15)

    With love,

  8. Thanks, Mark. This was just what I needed today.

    Isaiah 49:6 was the Bible Study lesson I had prepared that we didn't get to over the summer. What, precisely, does it mean to be a light unto the Gentiles?

  9. Mark --
    I found the comparison interesting: I had concentrated on Fox's Epistle no. 2 in my section on early Friends & the Bible. In your formatting of Fox's Epistles, you listed 15 Bible references for Epistle no. 2; Quaker Bible Index listed 17 [you omitted the first two]. I had discovered 30 quotations & citations of the Bible in that Epistle! (See "FGB Chapter 2" page in my website -- the listing is just after the 12th paragraph on that page.)

    Makes me wonder how many quotations Esther M. missed in the rest of her study!? (I note that she made no mention of using a Concordance in her investigations, & that she started out with little Bible knowledge; could this be why she missed so much?)


  10. Elizabeth,
    That would have been a great discussion. I was just thinking about those sessions the other day and my enjoyment of them.

    I need to go back and update some of those earlier references. When I started there were references that I thought were more coincidental, but I realize now that they weren't. I don't know Esther's methodology, but I can't imagine doing it without a concordance. I have used a home-grown search tool myself. I toyed with the idea of writing a program to analyze the epistles and look for matches, but because the quotes aren't often word-for-word, I decided it would be far too difficult. Also, Esther did say somewhere that she later found references that she hadn't identified in earlier epistles. Your list looks great! One thing I found on some of the epistles is that there were so many references in the margins that my typesetting program choked on them. I had to mark some of them so they just appeared in the index in the back, but not in the margin.

    With love,

  11. Kirk:

    Your comments make a lot of sense to me -- very helpful. I am finding this entire discussion fascinating & fruitful.